TOEFL / IELTS
TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standard test used to measure the English language ability of the non-native speakers to use and understand English, who aim to enrol in the English speaking institutions. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS and is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions.
Who takes the TOEFL:
TOEFL is taken by the students planning to pursue higher education in a foreign country, candidates wishing to secure scholarships, workers pursuing jobs in English speaking countries and individuals who wish to improve on their English learning skills.
TOEFL has 4 test sections – Reading, Listening, Speaking & Writing
This section has questions on passages (4-6) and each passage is approx 700 words. The time for this section is 60 - 80 mins. This section tests the ability of the individual to understand, interpret, infer academic topics.
This section has questions on 6 passages and each are of 3-5 minutes. The time for this section is 60 - 90 mins. The passages cover two student conversations and four academic discussions. Each conversation/discussion is only heard once. This section tests the ability of the student to listen and understand the main idea, the theme, information and other aspects from the conversations/discussions.
This section has 6 tasks: 2 independent & 4 integrated. The time for this section is 20 mins. Test-takers are given a short preparation time before they have to begin speaking and they can take down notes to prepare their responses. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by three to six raters.
This section has 2 tasks: 1 independent & 1 integrated. The time for this section is 50 mins. Responses are sent to the ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by at least 3 different raters
Where is it conducted:
The TOEFL test is developed and administered by the US-based “Educational Testing Service” (ETS). It is offered as Internet Based or Paper Based (for areas where Internet based is not available). The test lasts roughly four hours. You can register for the test by logging on to https://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/register
TOEFL Score Reporting & Validity:
TOEFL scores are reported on a scale of 0 to 30 for each section and a scale of 0 to 120 for the entire test. TOEFL test scores are valid for two years after your test administration date.
The International English Language Testing System,or IELTS is a standardised English language proficiency test for non native English language speakers. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP:IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment, IELTS is accepted by most Australian, British, Canadianand New Zealand academic institutions, by over 3,000 academic institutions in the United States, and by various professional organisations across the world.
Who takes the IELTS:
The IELTS Academic version is for test takers who want to study at tertiary level in an English-speaking country or seek professional registration. The IELTS General Training version is for test takers who want to work, train, study at a secondary school or migrate to an English-speaking country.
IELTS has 4 test sections – Reading, Listening, Speaking & Writing. Listening, Reading and Writing are completed in one sitting. The Speaking test may be taken on the same day or up to seven days before or after the other tests.
Reading has three sections question types vary from multiple choice, short-answer questions, identifying information, labeling diagrams, completing a summary using words taken from the text. Marks are penalized for incorrect spelling and grammar. The time for this section is 60 minutes.
The module comprises four sections, with ten questions in each section. It takes 40 minutes: 30 - for testing, plus 10 for transferring the answers to an answer sheet.
The speaking test is a face-to-face interview between the test taker and an examiner.
The speaking test contains three sections.
Section 1: introduction and interview (4–5 minutes). Questions on hobbies, personal life, general topics
Section 2: long turn (3–4 minutes). A topic is provided to the test taker who has a minute to prepare for the same. A task card provided states the points that must be covered and explained in the talk. The test taker should then talk on the topic for 2-3 minutes.
Section 3: discussions (4–5 minutes). This is a discussion between the examiner and the test taker.
This section has 2 tasks. First task involves test taker to write atleast 150 words in 20 minutes. The second task involves test taker to write atleast 250 words in 40 minutes. Answers should be in full sentences and Test takers will be penalised if their answer is too short or does not relate to the topic. The time for this section is 60 mins.
Where is it conducted:
IELTS is conducted in more than 140 countries and in over 1,000 locations. There are upto 48 test dates available per year. Each test centre offers tests up to four times a month depending on local demand. The Academic version is available on all 48 dates per year and the General Training version is available on 24 dates. You can register for the test by logging on to https://www.ielts.org/
IELTS Score Reporting:
Test takers are scored on every section – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. The individual scores are then averaged and rounded to produce an Overall Band Score.
There is no pass or fail in IELTS and it is scored on a nine-band scale, with each band corresponding to a specified competence in English.
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